Like all fires, a wildfire (also known as a forest fire, brushfire or bushfire) requires three ingredients: oxygen, heat and fuel. A wildfire is a large, uncontrolled and potentially destructive fire that spreads quickly and may change direction or jump across gaps. Wildfires can affect rural and urban areas, and can start in just seconds, sparked by a range of natural causes (for example, lightning) or human carelessness (such as a discarded cigarette). The spread of wildfires depends on the topography, the fuel available, and the weather. Dry vegetation and abundant or uncleared dead wood are an enormous source of deadly fuel. [Source: IFRC, “Public Awareness & Public Education For Disaster Risk Reduction: Key Messages”]
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