Hazards originating from technological or industrial accidents, dangerous procedures, infrastructure failures or specific human activities that may cause the loss of life or injury, property damage, social and economic disruption or environmental degradation.
Examples of technological hazards include industrial pollution, nuclear radiation, toxic wastes, dam failures, transport, industrial or technological accidents (explosions, fires, chemical spills). [Source: UNISDR]
How do I prepare?
Local and National Government
- operational control: adoption and implementation of procedures and instructions for safe operation, including maintenance, of plant, processes, equipment and temporary stoppages;
- management of change: adoption and implementation of procedures for planning modifications to, or the design of new installations, processes or storage facilities;
- planning for emergencies: adoption and implementation of procedures to identify foreseeable emergencies by systematic analysis and to prepare, test and review emergency plans to respond to such emergencies;
- monitoring performance: adoption and implementation of procedures for the ongoing assessment of compliance with the objectives set by the operator's major accident prevention policy and
- safety management system, and the mechanisms for investigation and taking corrective action in case of non-compliance; and
- audit and review: adoption and implementation of procedures for periodic systematic assessment of the major accident prevention policy and the effectiveness and suitability of the safety management system, including the documented review of performance of the policy and safety management system and its updating by senior management.
Read section above or consider creating a or revising your current workplace's Business Continuity Program.
What do I need to know?
- release of chemicals to the atmosphere by explosion, fire
- release of chemicals into water (groundwater, rivers etc.) by tank rupture, pipeline rupture, chemicals dissolved in water (fire), oil spills in marine environment
- satellite crash (radionuclides)
- radioactive sources in metallurgical processes
- other sources of releases of radionuclides to the environment
- contamination by waste management activities
- soil contamination
- accidents with groundwater contamination (road, rail)
- groundwater contamination by waste dumps (slowly moving contamination)
- aircraft accidents
- releases and contaminations as a consequence of military actions (e.g. depleted uranium), or destruction of facilities
- releases as consequence of the industrial use of biological material (e.g. viruses, bacteria, fungi)
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