Disasters affect people’s lives by destroying life, property and the ways in which people support themselves. Disaster response is the sum total of actions taken by people and institutions in the face of disaster. It covers relief, early recovery and recovery activities. Such activities cover all sectors but aim to achieve different outcomes for affected communities. Recovery is what individuals, communities and institutions start to do straight after the disaster, relying on their own skills, experience and resources to rebuild their lives. Recovery in the context of disaster response is a process that results in people’s lives returning to normal in such a way that they will have more resilience to future disasters. The extent to which people can recover after a disaster depends on their situation beforehand and how resilient their resources are to withstand the effects of a disaster. For some recovery will be relatively quick, while for others it may take years.
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