This report is the result of legal research taken within the framework of the Project on Legal Preparedness for Responding to Disasters and Communicable Disease Emergencies in Viet Nam. The Project was managed by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) with technical assistance from World Health Organization (WHO), supported by Asian Development Bank (ADB)-funded Pooled Fund of the Greater Mekong Sub-region Communicable Disease Control Project. The legal research was undertaken from March 2009 to July 2009 by a team of legal experts from the Faculty of International Law of the Diplomatic Academy of Viet Nam and involved document collection and analysis as well as consultations with key actors.
The aims of the Project were to:
- Identify areas of good practice and potential gaps in addressing legal issues and implementing the key regional and international instruments relevant to disaster and communicable disease emergencies in Viet Nam.
- Recommend legal measures to minimize barriers and encourage effective response to disasters and communicable diseases in Viet Nam, particularly in situations where international cooperation is required.
In order to minimize legal barriers to an effective preparedness and response to disasters and communicable diseases in Viet Nam, the study makes two primary sets of recommendations:
- the development of a new Law on Disaster Risk Management to replace existing legal texts
- that the existing Law on Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases (2007) be supplemented with additional implementing regulations.
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies / Asian Development Bank, 2009.