Malawi faces a number of hazards, both natural and human-made, which include floods, drought, stormy rains, strong winds, hailstorms, landslides, earthquakes, pest infestations, diseases outbreaks, fire and accidents. The intensity and frequency of disasters have been increasing, in the face of climate change, population growth, urbanization and environmental degradation. Farmers in Malawi are directly affected by such disasters, as they are highly vulnerable to natural hazards. The Lower Shire, for instance, which constitutes a key agricultural region of the country, is prone to cycles of recurrent floods and droughts. Between 1967 and 2003, the country experienced six major droughts and 18 incidences of flooding, which heavily impacted smallholder farmers. More recently, two major floods struck the country, including the district of Nsanje in January 2012, and the Mangochi District in January 2013, impacting many people and washing away large swathes of agricultural fields. These disaster events also resulted in the loss of life, infrastructure destruction (including roads, rail, bridges and homes), crop loss, perpetual food insecurity and health impacts (diarrhoea, cholera and malaria).
Past disaster events
- EM-DAT listing of disaster events in Malawi
- Disaster statistics from UN-ISDR and CRED
- Risk country profile from Index for Risk Management
- Disaster response and management data from ReliefWeb
- HFA Progress Reports, government plans, and government statements and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper – http://www.unisdr.org/partners/countries/mwi
Red Cross + civil society
- IFRC appeals and info bulletins for Malawi
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